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IZKOR, slaves of memory | DOCUMENTARY | 1990 | 97 MN | COLOR | 4:3 | o.v HEBREW | st ENGLISH

ITGABER, he will overcome | DOCUMENTARY | 1991-93 | 2x85 MN | COLOR | 4:3 | o.v HEBREW | st ENGLISH

 

IZKOR: IZKOR, is a portrait of the Israeli society that had never been shown before, thirty days in the life of a State that lives to the rhythm of its memory. This award-winning film puts forward a passionate and severe analysis of the Hebrew state.

 

ITGABER: According to professor Yeshyahou Leibowitz, “the honest man should know that he should never respect the law too closely”.  In this three hours long interview, Eyal Sivan interrogates the great Jewish thinker Leibowitz not only about philosophy, science, values, but also about State, religion, law and ethical commitment.

YESHAYAHOU LEIBOWITZ SET, Izkor & Itgaber by Eyal Sivan

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  • IZKOR: IZKOR, is a portrait of the Israeli society that had never been shown before, thirty days in the life of a State that lives to the rhythm of its memory. This award-winning film puts forward a passionate and severe analysis of the Hebrew state.

    “IZKOR,” means "remember" in Hebrew and this film looks in depth at this imperative that is imposed on the children of Israel. In Israel during the month of April feast days and celebrations take place one after another. School children of all ages prepare to pay tribute to their country's past. The collective memory becomes a terribly efficient tool for the training of young minds.

    In Israel, “Never again” is not just a slogan, it's a “mantra”. It is an atmosphere, an ever present cloud, a widespread fear, touching every aspect of daily life, reason, opinions, creativity and choices people make for the future. Though Israel has been under the media spotlight since its creation, it is still a mystery to many observers. Its survival raises moral problems for some, and malicious speculation in others. But it is precisely on account this survival issue that the identity and determination of the population were forgotten.

    The author of the film is an Israeli. By going to rediscover the myths and symbols that have contributed to the making of his own identity, as well as that of every Israeli, he is bringing into play his own personal experience. Through a meticulous observation of the educational system, from kindergarten to the army, we discover how history is transformed into memory, how it sets an atmosphere and influences Israelis' behavior and lifestyles. Not only of interest for specialists on Israel, the film is an assessment of the place of memory in educational practice in a contemporary nation-state.

    ITGABER: According to professor Yeshyahou Leibowitz, “the honest man should know that he should never respect the law too closely”.  In this three hours long interview, Eyal Sivan interrogates the great Jewish thinker Leibowitz not only about philosophy, science, values, but also about State, religion, law and ethical commitment.

    A man of religion living in a settler State while critical of the mingling of State and religion, Leibowitz has spoken of disobedience and called for an uprising against Israeli crimes and international impunity. Even though Leibowitz took part of in the 1948, he has criticized the implementation and evolution of the State of Israel, in the name of a Jewish tradition of responsibility and divine law.

    In dialogue with Eyal Sivan, using vocabulary that can be understood by everyone, the philosopher opens himself up with a critical reflexion about what makes Man : his will power, his freedom, what he chooses, the tasks he sets himself, and how by “Triumphing over Oneself”, he goes above the others of this world. In Itgaber, spectators will see Yeshayahu Leibowitz think aloud and notice his incredible wit and prophetic tone. A crucial introduction to a philosopher who made history in Jewish  religious and ethical thinking.

    Key words : Education, Holocaust, Institutions, Israel, Memory, Nationalism, Nazism, ZionismYeshyahou Leibowitz, Philosophy, Religion, Disobedience, Israel-Palestine conflict, Judaism, Refuzniks

    Education Interest : Colonialism, Education, Film and Media, Genocide Studies, Israeli Studies, Jewish studies, Middle East Studies, Palestine Studies, Political Science, Visual Anthropology, Visual Arts